Monday, February 25, 2008

Many In U.S. Drop Their Childhood Religion

What do you think are the implications for interfaith activity (dialogue,
service, etc)?

Many In U.S. Drop Their Childhood Religion
Feb. 25, 2008
(CBS/AP) The U.S. religious marketplace is extremely volatile, with nearly
half of American adults leaving the faith tradition of their upbringing to
either switch allegiances or abandon religious affiliation altogether, a new
survey finds.

The study released Monday by the Pew Forum on Religion and Public Life
<> is unusual for its sheer scope, relying on
interviews with more than 35,000 adults to document a diverse and dynamic
U.S. religious population.

While much of the study confirms earlier findings - mainline Protestant
churches are in decline, non-denominational churches are gaining and the
ranks of the unaffiliated are growing - it also provides a deeper look
behind those trends, and of smaller religious groups.

"The American religious economy is like a marketplace - very dynamic, very
competitive," said Luis Lugo, director of the Pew Forum. "Everyone is
losing, everyone is gaining. There are net winners and losers, but no one
can stand still. Those groups that are losing significant numbers have to
recoup them to stay vibrant."

The U.S. Religious Landscape Survey estimates the United States is 78
percent Christian and about to lose its status as a majority Protestant
nation, at 51 percent and slipping.

More than one-quarter of American adults have left the faith of their
childhood for another religion or no religion at all, the survey found.
Factoring in moves from one stream or denomination of Protestantism to
another, the number rises to 44 percent.

One in four adults ages 18 to 29 claim no affiliation with a religious

"In the past, certain religions had a real holding power, where people from
one generation to the next would stay," said Penn State University
sociologist Roger Finke, who consulted in the survey planning. "Right now,
there is a dropping confidence in organized religion, especially in the
traditional religious forms."

Lugo said the 44 percent figure is "a very conservative estimate," and more
research is planned to determine the causes.

"It does seem in keeping with the high tolerance among Americans for
change," Lugo said. "People move a lot, people change jobs a lot. It's a
very fluid society."

The religious demographic benefiting the most from this religious churn is
those who claim no religious affiliation. People moving into that category
outnumber those moving out of it by a three-to-one margin.

The majority of the unaffiliated - 12 percent of the overall population -
describe their religion as "nothing in particular," and about half of those
say faith is at least somewhat important to them. Atheists or agnostics
account for 4 percent of the total population.

The Roman Catholic Church has lost more members than any faith tradition
because of affiliation swapping, the survey found. While nearly one in three
Americans were raised Catholic, fewer than one in four say they're Catholic
today. That means roughly 10 percent of all Americans are ex-Catholics.

The share of the population that identifies as Catholic, however, has
remained fairly stable in recent decades thanks to an influx of immigrant
Catholics, mostly from Latin America. Nearly half of all Catholics under 30
are Hispanic, the survey found.

On the Protestant side, changes in affiliation are swelling the ranks of
nondenominational churches, while Baptist and Methodist traditions are
showing net losses.

Many Americans have vague denominational ties at best. People who call
themselves "just a Protestant," in fact, account for nearly 10 percent of
all Protestants.

Although evangelical churches strive to win new Christian believers from the
"unchurched," the survey found most converts to evangelical churches were
raised Protestant.

White evangelicals comprise about 22 percent of the population (pdf)
<> - 57
percent are female, and 57 percent are over age 45, a CBS News poll last
October showed. Fifty percent live in the South and 24 percent in the

Hindus claimed the highest retention of childhood members, at 84 percent.
The group with the worst retention is one of the fastest growing - Jehovah's
Witnesses. Only 37 percent of those raised in the sect known for
door-to-door proselytizing said they remain members.

Among other findings involving smaller religious groups, more than half of
American Buddhists surveyed were white, and most Buddhists were converts.

More people in the survey pool identified themselves as Buddhist than
Muslim, although both populations were small - less than 1 percent of the
total population. By contrast, Jews accounted for 1.7 percent of the overall

The self-identified Buddhists - 0.7 percent of those surveyed - illustrate a
core challenge to estimating religious affiliation: What does affiliation

It's unclear whether people who called themselves Buddhists did so because
they practice yoga or meditation, for instance, or claim affiliation with a
Buddhist institution.

The report does not project membership figures for religious groups, in part
because the survey is not as authoritative as a census and didn't count
children, Lugo said. The U.S. Census does not ask questions on religion.

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