Tuesday, December 20, 2011

Christian population tops 2.18 billion worldwide, Pew study finds

Christian population tops 2.18 billion worldwide, Pew study finds
by jeff kunerth on December, 19 2011


The Pew Research Center's Forum on Religion & Public Life released a new
comprehensive demographic report
<http://www.pewforum.org/Christian/Global-Christianity-worlds-christian-popu
lation.aspx> Monday on the size and distribution of the world's Christian
population. The study finds that there are 2.18 billion Christians of all
ages in more than 200 countries around the world, representing nearly a
third of the estimated 6.9 billion 2010 global population. Christians are so
geographically widespread that no single continent or region can
indisputably claim to be the center of global Christianity.

http://www.pewforum.org/Christian/Global-Christianity-worlds-christian-popul
ation.aspx

In 1910, two-thirds of the world's Christians lived in Europe (according to
historical data from the Center for the Study of Global Christianity at
Gordon-Conwell Theological Seminary in Massachusetts). Today, the Pew study
finds, only about a quarter of all Christians (26%) live in Europe (26%).

More than a third (37%) now reside in the Americas. About one in every four
Christians (24%) lives in sub-Saharan Africa and about one-in-eight (13%) is
found in Asia and the Pacific.

In the past 100 years, the number of Christians around the world has more
than tripled from historical estimates of about 600 million in 1910 to more
than two billion today. But the world's overall population has also risen
rapidly, from an estimated 1.8 billion in 1910 to 6.9 billion in 2010. As a
result, Christians make up about the same portion of the world's population
in 2010 (32%) as they did a century ago (35%).

This apparent stability, however, masks a momentous shift. Although Europe
and the Americas still are home to a majority of the world's Christians
(63%), that share is much lower than it was in 1910 (93%). The proportion of
Europe's population that is Christian dropped from 95% in 1910 to 76% in
2010, while the proportion of the overall population in the Americas (North
America, Latin America and the Caribbean, combined) that is Christian fell
from 96% to 86%.

Over the same period, however, Christianity grew enormously in sub-Saharan
Africa and significantly in the Asia-Pacific region, where there were
relatively few Christians at the beginning of the 20th century. The share of
the population that is Christian in sub-Saharan Africa climbed from 9% in
1910 to 63% in 2010, while in the Asia-Pacific region it rose from 3% to 7%.

Additional findings of the Global Christianity: A Report on the Size and
Distribution of the World's Christian Population include:

Christians are diverse theologically as well as geographically. About half
are Catholic. Protestants, broadly defined, make up 37%. Orthodox Christians
comprise 12% of Christians worldwide. Other Christians, such as Mormons and
Jehovah's Witnesses, make up the remaining 1% of the global Christian
population.

Taken as a whole Christians are by far the world's largest religious group.
Muslims, the second-largest group, make up a little less than a quarter of
the world's population according to previous studies by the Pew Forum.

Almost half (48%) of all Christians live in the 10 countries with the
largest number of Christians. Three of the top 10 are in the Americas (the
United States, Brazil and Mexico). Two are in Europe (Russia and Germany);
two are in the Asia-Pacific region (the Philippines and China); and three
are in sub-Saharan Africa (Nigeria, Democratic Republic of the Congo and
Ethiopia), reflecting Christianity's global reach.

Although Christianity began in the Middle East-North Africa, that region
today has both the lowest concentration of Christians (about 4%) and the
smallest number of Christians (about 13 million) of any major geographic
region.

Although Christians comprise just under a third of the world's people, they
form a majority of the population in 158 countries and territories, about
two-thirds of all the countries and territories in the world.

Nigeria now has more than twice as many Protestants (broadly defined to
include Anglicans and independent churches) as Germany, the birthplace of
the Protestant Reformation.

About 90% of Christians live in countries where Christians are in the
majority; only about 10% of Christians worldwide live as minorities.

The full report, which includes a companion quiz -
http://features.pewforum.org/global-christianity/quiz.php interactive maps
and sortable data tables, is available on the Pew Forum's website
http://pewforum.org

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